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PKSG Working Paper Series

Working Paper PKWP1701

Quantitative easing, changes in global liquidity and financial instability

February 2017

Esteban Ramon Perez Caldentey

This paper argues that Quantitative Easing (QE) led to significant changes in the global financial system, which, are not conducive to greater financial stability. Through a policy of reserve accumulation, QE disconnected base money from the money supply and deposits from loans. Jointly with the deleveraging process of global banks, QE contributed to restrain the supply of bank credit growth throughout the world. Also global banks continued to expand their trading on the basis of opaque instruments such as derivatives. Moreover, by altering the relative profitability of investing in different assets, QE exerted a positive effect on the performance of the international bond market. This not only spilled into emerging market economies expanding the debt of both the financial sector and the non-financial corporate sector but also has reinforced the role of the asset management industry in financial markets. Due to its concentration and interconnectedness, illiquidity, and pro-cyclicality the asset management industry poses important risks to financial stability.

Keywords: Quantitative easing, financial system, global banks, asset management industry

JEL classification: E12: General Aggregative Models: Keynes; Keynesian; Post-Keynesian E42: Monetary Systems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System; Payment Systems E44: Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy E51: Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers

Download: Working Paper PKWP1701